Convert an IP Address to a Number

There are many occasions when it can be useful to take the IP address of a host and convert that into a decimal number. Create a new file called ip2dec on your system containing the following code

#!/usr/bin/awk -f
    ip = ARGV[1]
    split(ip, octets, ".")
    for (i = 1; i <= 4; i++) {
        dec += octets[i] * 256 ** (4 - i)
    printf("%i\n", dec)

Then make the file executable by running

$ chmod +x ip2dec

This script will take a single IP address as an input parameter and will output the decimal equivalent as shown below

$ ./ip2dec

The script will convert any IP address from from to to its numeric equivalent which will be within the range 0 to 4294967295.

It is also fairly straight-forward to convert back from a Number to an IP Address. I tend to put these scripts into a folder on my system that is included in my PATH variable, so I can use them whenever needed.

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